In recent years, economic sanctions laws and regulations have become increasingly more complex, numerous and have had a significant effect upon the shipping industry. Sanctions have had a major impact not only on shipping operations but also through financial institutions and insurance companies serving the shipping industry, including on P&I clubs worldwide.

sanctions imageThis Economic Sanctions - Compliance Guidance document document provides guidance on certain sanctions related resources which can be utilized by the American Club's Membership to not only foster and encourage general awareness of sanctions issues, but also to enable Members to develop their own internal compliance policies and procedures and to appreciate the interplay between such sanctions laws and their potential effect on a Member's P&I and/or FD&D coverage.

The American Club has issued and disseminated considerable information in the form of Circulars, Alerts and seminars on sanctions related issues and the Membership is encouraged to not only consult these existing resources and to seek legal advice from counsel, but also to reach out to the Managers of the American Club ("the Managers") to obtain general information on the existing sanctions regimes and guidance on the availability of cover for particular voyages. When used in conjunction with a Member's internal compliance program and, as discussed below, this guidance should assist Members with minimizing their own risks and exposures to potential sanctions violations which may carry serious civil or criminal penalties, entail loss of business privileges, inclusion on US government and other blacklists, and cause reputational harm.

With respect to their own activity, Members are urged to know how to recognize sanctions issues and consult legal counsel when their compliance program and due diligence investigation into a particular transaction or contemplated voyage raises any sanctions related concern. Then, after completing such due diligence, with respect to whether cover is available from the American Club for the transaction or voyage in question, Members should contact the Managers prior to the voyage to confirm whether the performance of the contemplated transaction or voyage may or may not prejudice their P&I cover.

It is hoped that, through such internal compliance and due diligence investigation by the Member, when combined with its consulting legal counsel and maintaining close communication with the American Club to address any issues regarding cover, this resource will assist the American Club's Membership to better navigate these complex issues and reduce overall exposure to sanctions related problems and risks.

  I. Compliance by American Club Members

  II. Sanctions Indicators/Information Elements

  III. Awareness of Applicable Prohibitions and Screening Information

  IV. Screening by Members - Two, Three or Sometimes Four Step Due Diligence

  V. Consult Legal Counsel

  VI. Contact the American Club's Compliance Center

  VII. Recap

  VIII. Country specific links to relevant American Club Circulars, and related documents

  IX. Useful Sanctions Related Web Links


This brief economic sanctions compliance guidance has been prepared by the American Club to assist Members in complying with sanctions laws applicable to them and to the American Club.  This guidance does not constitute and should not be construed as legal advice or a determination by the American Club as to the availability of cover for any specific case.   The American Club urges Members to obtain independent legal advice regarding the applicability of sanctions laws to them and with respect to their compliance obligations under such laws.